XIV ̳ - ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION

English





.. .

..

, 䳺 Present Perfect, , , 䳺-, , (Future-in-the-Past).

:

1. - ;

2. 䳺- Present Perfect.

:

I. ij . Past Indefinite Past Continuous ( ).

= ϳ
: =
English: Past Indefinite = Past Indefinite (Past Continuous)

e.g. ³ , .

He said that he lived in Kyiv.

, .

Mum said that the son was sleeping.

:

e.g. .

She asked if (whether) I lived in Kyiv.

.

She asked where I lived.

II. ij 䳿 .

Past Perfect Past Perfect Continuous ( )

< ϳ
: <
English: Past Indefinite < Past Perfect ( )

(Past Perfect Continuous)

e.g. ³ , .

He said that he had lived in Kyiv.

³ , 10 .

He said that he had been living in Kyiv for 10 years.

:

e.g. ³ , .

He asked if I had lived in Kyiv.

³ , .

He asked where I had lived.

III. ij 䳿 . Future-in-the-Past.

> ϳ
: >
English: Past Indefinite > Future-in-the-Past ( )

e.g. ³ , .

He said that he would go to Kyiv.

:

e.g. ³ , .

He asked if I should go to Kyiv.

³ , .

He asked where I should go.

:

, :

1) 䳺- :

e.g. , .

She says that she works at school.

2) 䳿:

e.g. ³ , 1945 .

He said that he was there in 1945.

3) :

e.g. , - .

The teacher said that Paris is the capital of France.

Note: :

Direct Speech

( )

Indirect Speech

( )

this that
these those
here there
now then
yesterday the day before
today that day
last week the week before
earlier before
2 days ago 2 days before
tomorrow next day
next year the next year
in 2 days 2 days later

e.g. He said: "I went to Kyiv last week".

He said that he had gone to Kyiv the week before.

She said: "I'll stay here for a month".

She said that she would stay there for a month.


: 11 “ .. .”

  1. :

    . .

  2. :

    !!! !!

  3. :

    , )

  4. Tanya:

    !!!!!

  5. mary:

    =)

  6. :

    , )

  7. :

    ...

  8. :

    Ͳ Ҳ Ѳ ֲ ϲ PRESENT PERFECT, ² вͲ Ѳ, ϲ , ϲ ò .

  9. :

  10. :

    , !

  11. :

    , .


!

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